Low Earth Orbit Satellite Communications for Internet-of-Things Applications
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How to Cite

Jamoos, A. (2023). Low Earth Orbit Satellite Communications for Internet-of-Things Applications. Al-Quds Journal for Natural Sciences, 1(3), 3. Retrieved from https://aquja.alquds.edu/index.php/science/article/view/194


Internet of Things (IoT) is a new direction for future internet, where anything embedded with sensors, software, and transceiver can access the Internet. The applications of IoT technology include home automation, smart city, smart grid, smart industry, E-health, environmental monitoring, and geologic disaster forecasting, to name a few. As the demand for high data rate increases due to the huge number of IoT devices, the so-called Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) have emerged. These LPWAN are designed to cover wide terrestrial areas. Nevertheless, in open areas such deserts, forests and coastal waters of seas, rivers and oceans, there are cost and practical limitation in constructing LPWAN. Therefore, to enable LPWAN in such remote areas, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite communications for IoT have recently attracted considerable interest from researchers. Among the open research issues are interference mitigation, Doppler spread estimation, LEO satellite constellation structure, efficient spectrum allocation, and access and routing protocols. In particular, as the satellite IoT system shares the same frequency band with the existing terrestrial IoT networks and other wireless systems, this results in
multiple access interference issue. In addition, the high speed motion of LEO satellites induce a Doppler shift, resulting in inter-carrier interference problem.

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